Tip-of-the-tongue sounds

Many Nuu-chah-nulth consonants are made with the tip or blade of the tongue, including c c̓ č č̓ ł ƛ ƛ̓ n n̓ s š t t̓ y y̓. Most of these are discussed in other sections of this tutorial.

Here, we will be interested in the letters c č š, which represent sounds that are familiar from English, but are written differently in Nuu-chah-nulth. These are their names, and how they are pronounced:

LetterNameHow it is pronounced
cclike ts, as in its
c wedgelike ch, as in church
s wedgelike sh, as in shush

Here are some examples:

caqiictwentyčuuokay, goodbye
yaacukwalkčamisfruit, sweets
yaacukwalkčuuokay, goodbye
nučiimountainčamasfruit, sweets

By contrast, the letters q and x look familiar, but represent different sounds in Nuu-chah-nulth and English. See the following sections.

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